Did China invent the wheelbarrow?

Did China invent the wheelbarrow?

In 1222, records for the king of England’s works show that eight wheelbarrows were purchased from the town of Canterbury for construction at Dover. The modern wheelbarrow can have one, two, or four wheels. These wheels can be either in front or beneath the load.

Another type, probably invented by Chuko Liang in 300 a.d., had a carrying surface that was basically a large wheel housing that encased the top half of the wheel. A flat platform projected out from both sides at axle level could then carry large loads, people and goods in pannier fashion while the operator steered it.

The Ancient Wheelbarrow. – The Han Dynasty wheelbarrow was basic, with one wheel in the center, and a piece of iron or wood on top. – The wheelbarrow’s main purpose was to transport farmer’s goods to where they needed it.

The birthplace of the modern wheelbarrow was China, possibly as early as 100 B.C. One early version consisted of a large single wheel at or near the front of a platform.

The compass was invented in China during the Han Dynasty between the 2nd century BC and 1st century AD where it was called the “south-governor” or “South Pointing Fish” (sīnán 司南). The magnetic compass was not, at first, used for navigation, but for geomancy and fortune-telling by the Chinese.

The first wheelbarrows seem to have been created in China—along with the first gunpowder, paper, seismoscopes, paper currency, magnetic compasses, crossbows, and many other key inventions. The earliest evidence of Chinese wheelbarrows is found in illustrations dated around 100 CE, during the Han dynasty.

Shu Han Dynasty
According to the “Records of the Three Kingdoms,” written by Chinese scholar Chen Shou in the third century CE, the prime minister of the Shu Han Dynasty in the Three Kingdoms Period—a man named Zhuge Liang—invented a new form of wheelbarrow in 231 CE as a form of military technology.

Lewis admits that the current consensus among technology historians, including Bertrand Gille, Andrea Matthies, and Joseph Needham, is that the wheelbarrow was invented in China around 100 AD and spread to the rest of world. However, Lewis proposes that the wheelbarrow could have also existed in ancient Greece.

When was the wheelbarrow first invented? The common wheelbarrow has far flung and exotic roots, as it can be traced back to third century ancient Asia. In 231 A.D, Zhuge Liang of Shu Han in China created a single wheel cart for an efficient way of transporting food and supplies to the front lines of battle.

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