Why is methane nonpolar but chloromethane is polar?

Why is methane nonpolar but chloromethane is polar?

Is carbon chloride polar or non polar?

Is chlorobenzene polar or non polar?

Is CH3OH polar or non-polar why?

Why is chloromethane insoluble in water?

The δ− chlorine atom in chloromethane is too large to form hydrogen bonds. The hydrogen atoms in chloromethane are not sufficiently δ+ and are not bonded to an electronegative atom. Thus chloromethane cannot form hydrogen bonds with water molecules. Therefore, it is insoluble in water.

Yes, Methyl chloride (CH3Cl) or Chloromethane is a polar molecule. The C-Cl covalent bond shows unequal electronegativity because Cl is more electronegative than carbon causing a separation in charges that results in a net dipole.

Chloromethane can dissolve in water, and small amounts of chloromethane in air may go into surface waters or groundwater when it rains.

We can see there is a net dipole in the molecule, making it polar. So, CH3Cl is always polar.

Methane isn’t non-polar because of its tetrahedral shape: it is non-polar because all the bonds are the same. Dichloromethane is polar because it has different polarity bonds and its shape cannot arrange those bond dipoles to cancel out.

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