The concepts of respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice and the moral values of these four prima facie principles have been expressly identified in Confucius’ ethics.
I then explained that the ancient Chinese philosopher Confucius wrote this quote, and that for the rest of the hour we will be learning about Confucius and other Chinese philosophies such as Taoism and Legalism. I asked the students to then come up with a few ideas on what they believe a philosophy is.
What was the main topic of early Chinese philosophy?
The Warring States Period Qin rule was the first time all of China had been united under an emperor. Many philosophies about life and governance emerged during the Warring States Period. Three philosophies came to prominence: Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism.
The most important schools of thought to spring from this period were Confucianism, Legalism, and Taoism. Each was a philosophy, a study of basic truths and ideas about the universe. Each philosophy’s goal was exactly the same – to restore peace, order, and stability to China.
What were the 3 primary philosophies taught in China?