What was groundbreaking about the development of democracy?
Today, we l o ok at the different contributions some of these known philosophers made to the world; Aristotle made sure to categorize knowledge into different fields such as Physics, biology, ethics and math. He was an influential philosopher and excelled greatly in math, astronomy, biology and philosophy.
It is unarguably a known fact that ancient Greece was home to some of the most important and celebrated philosophers in the world today. The ability of those selected few to see life in a different perspective and their openness to share with us was a great phenomenon.
Socrates’ greatest contribution to philosophy was the Socratic Method in which discussion, argument, and dialogue are used to discern the truth. Eventually, his beliefs and realistic approach in philosophy led to his end, as he was tried and convicted for criticizing religion and corrupting the youth.
A follower of Pythagoras, Parmenides contributed immensely in the field of philosophy. Historians claim he was a pupil of a philosopher named Xanophanes as most of his preaching, thoughts and poems are heavily influenced by him.
The Romans established a form of government — a republic — that was copied by countries for centuries In fact, the government of the United States is based partly on Rome’s model. The ladder to political power in the Roman Senate was different for the wealthy patricians than for the lower-class plebeians.
Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. This form of government is called direct democracy.
In contrast to Greek democracy, the Roman republic had a more complex institutional arrangement. Instead of a set of institutions through which one single group exercised power, the Roman republic contained multiple institutions that allowed both the few and the many to take part in political rule.
Greek philosophers were “seekers and lovers of wisdom”. They studied and analyzed the world around them using logic and reason. Although we often think of philosophy as religion or “the meaning of life”, the Greek philosophers were also scientists.
The Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These are some of the most well-known of all Greek philosophers. Socrates (470/469–399 B.C.E.) is remembered for his teaching methods and for asking thought-provoking questions.
Aristotle wrote, in Politics, that tyranny: “. . . is just that arbitrary power of an individual which is responsible to no one, and governs all . . . with a view to its own advantage, not to that of its subjects, and therefore against their will.”
Roman Empire at Peak: 116 A.D. 1) What was groundbreaking about the development of democracy? A People were able to govern without using written laws.