What process changes igneous rock and metamorphic rock into sediment?
Metamorphic rocks are grouped into foliated and non-foliated metamorphic rocks. The Process of Rock Cycle The rock cycle is a continuous process describing the transformation of the rocks through various stages throughout their lifetime.
The three main rock types are igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary. The three processes that change one rock to another are crystallization, metamorphism, and erosion and sedimentation. Any rock can transform into any other rock by passing through one or more of these processes. This creates the rock cycle.
The rock cycle is the process by which rocks of one kind change into rocks of another kind. Metamorphic rock is igneous or sedimentary rock that has been heated and squeezed. It can erode into sediment or melt into magma. It is formed under extreme pressure and temperature deep inside mountain chains.
Sedimentary rocks can be turned to metamorphic rock with heat and pressure. They turn into igneous with the metamorphic rock cooling from magma.
Igneous rocks form when magma (molten rock) cools and crystallizes, either at volcanoes on the surface of the Earth or while the melted rock is still inside the crust. All magma develops underground, in the lower crust or upper mantle, because of the intense heat there.
When Sedimentary rocks are buried deep beneath the Earth’s surface, great pressure and tremendous heat change these rocks into new rocks containing different minerals. These are Metamorphic rocks.
At the surface, metamorphic rocks will be exposed to weathering processes and may break down into sediment. These sediments could then be compressed to form sedimentary rocks, which would start the entire cycle anew.
Explanation: Weathering is the process of breakdown of rocks through the action of wind, air, water and by the action of organisms. The metamorphic rocks get gradually converted into sedimentary rocks through this process. The big rocks change into small rock particles called sediments.
Metamorphic rocks turn into igneous rocks with melting to magma then cooling.
The most important geological processes that lead to the creation of sedimentary rocks are erosion, weathering, dissolution, precipitation, and lithification. Erosion and weathering transform boulders and even mountains into sediments, such as sand or mud. Dissolution is a form of weathering—chemical weathering.
Explanation: An igneous rock is crushed into little shards of rock called sediment, the sediment is then packed together by other rocks or strong forces, that form together to make a Sedimentary rock.
On the surface, weathering and erosion break down the igneous rock into pebbles, sand, and mud, creating sediment, which accumulates in basins on the Earth’s surface. As successive layers of sediment settle on top of one another, the sediment near the bottom is compressed, hardens, and forms sedimentary rock.