# What is the formula for hoop tension?

## What is the formula for hoop tension?

Answer: The inclusion of transverse shear deformation in plate-bending behavior is the main difference between thin and thick shell formulation. Thick-plate formulation has no effect upon membrane (in-plane) behavior, only plate-bending (out-of-plane) behavior.

Hoop stress is a function of the pipe’s diameter and wall thickness, the magnitude of which changes as these dimensions vary. Hoop stresses separate the top and bottom halves of the cylinder. Its calculation considers the total force on half of the thin-walled cylinder, due to internal pressure.

Hoop stress is the stress that occurs along the pipe’s circumference when pressure is applied. Hoop stress acts perpendicular to the axial direction. Hoop stresses are tensile and generated to resist the bursting effect that results from the application of pressure.

What is hoop stress in thin cylinder?

The standard equation for hoop stress is H = PDm /2t. In this equation, H is allowable or hoop stress, the P is the pressure, t is the thickness of the pipe, and D is the diameter of the pipe.

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