What cell organelle synthesizes lipids?

What cell organelle synthesizes lipids?

Ribosomes – these organelles consist of RNA and proteins and are responsible for protein production. Ribosomes are found suspended in the cytosol or bound to the endoplasmic reticulum.

Golgi Apparatus. A major organelle in most eukaryotic cells is the structure of membrane-bound sacs called the Golgi apparatus (or Golgi body, Golgi complex, dictyosome). It acts to process and package the macromolecules such as proteins and lipids that are synthesized by the cell. It has been likened to the cell’s post office.

The endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle that is responsible for the synthesis of lipids and the modification of proteins.

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum – They are the storage organelle, associated with the production of lipids, steroids, and also responsible for detoxifying the cell. Mitochondria are called the powerhouses of the cell as they produce energy-rich molecules for the cell.

The endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle that is responsible for the synthesis of lipids and the modification of proteins.

How Are Cell Membranes Synthesized? Membranes and their constituent proteins are assembled in the ER. This organelle contains the enzymes involved in lipid synthesis, and as lipids are manufactured in the ER, they are inserted into the organelle’s own membranes.

In prokaryotes, all lipid synthesis occurs in the cytosol. Another important distinction is that in plants cells, triglyceride synthesis occurs mainly in chloroplasts, with subsequent assembly in the SER. It is also worthy of note that some lipids are further metabolized in the Golgi, another type of cell organelle.

Answer: Proteins, most lipids, and a few carbohydrates of cell membranes are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum. Many lipids species and most carbohydrates of membranes are synthesized in the Golgi apparatus. However, part of the molecules of their membranes are synthesized by free ribosomes.

The ER
The ER and Golgi apparatus together constitute the endomembrane compartment in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells. The endomembrane compartment is a major site of lipid synthesis, and the ER is where not only lipids are synthesized, but membrane-bound proteins and secretory proteins are also made.

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the main site for lipid synthesis.

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