What are the materials that absorb light?
One example of absorption is black pavement which absorbs energy from light. The black pavement becomes hot from absorbing the light waves and little of the light is reflected making the pavement appear black. A white stripe painted on the pavement will reflect more of the light and absorb less.
Vantablack is a material developed by Surrey NanoSystems in the United Kingdom and is one of the darkest substances known, absorbing up to 99.965% of visible light (at 663 nm if the light is perpendicular to the material). The name is a compound of the acronym VANTA ( vertically aligned nanotube arrays) and the color black .
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Materials that absorb sunlight well include dark surfaces, water and metal. The sun’s light energy arrives as a mixture of visible light, ultraviolet and infrared; some materials absorb all these wavelengths well, while others are better suited to a certain restricted types of light.
The absorption of light makes an object dark or opaque to the wavelengths or colors of the incoming wave: Wood is opaque to visible light. Some materials are opaque to some wavelengths of light, but transparent to others. Glass and water are opaque to ultraviolet light, but transparent to visible light.
A material that reflects or absorbs all of the light that strikes it is called opaque. You cannot see though opaque materials because light cannot pass through them. Wood, metals, and tightly woven fabric are examples of opaque materials.
Materials that absorb sunlight well include dark surfaces, water and metal.