Because people can have varying ideas about how much a full bushel basket should hold, the government established standard bushel weights for each type of fruit, vegetable, nut, and grain. A bushel of tomatoes, for example, is supposed to weigh 56 pounds, as is a bushel of shelled corn.
A Bushel. A bushel is a measure of dry volume that is equal to 32 quarts. Since it measures volume instead of weight, the weight of the fruit in a bushel varies depending on the fruit. For instance, a bushel of peaches weighs about 48 pounds, a bushel of corn weighs about 35 pounds, and a bushel of tomatoes weights about 53 pounds.
By definition, a standard bushel of soybeans weighs 60 pounds and is 13% moisture. Since 13% of the weight is water, only 87% is dry matter. The dry matter in a standard bushel is 52.2 lb (60 lb x 0.87) and the remaining 7.8 lb is water.
A corn yield of 200 bushels per acre is first expressed by weight (200 bu @ 56 lb/bu = 11,200 lbs) and then converted to kilograms (11,200 lbs * . 4536 kg/lb = 5,080 kg). Because a hectare is equal to 2.471 acres, it means that 200 bu/ac is equal to about 12,553 kg/ha (5,080 kg/ac x 2.471 ac/ha = 12,553 kg/ha).
“Wheat and soybeans weigh 60 pounds to the bushel, corn weighs 56 pounds, and so on. To translate bushels into tons, you’d divide the weight-per-bushel into 2,000; to translate bushels into metric tons, you’d divide into 2,204.”
How many kilograms is a bushel of wheat?